1845–1849: J. Marion Sims, “the father of gynegology”

J. Marion Sims performed multiple experimental surgeries on enslaved African women without the benefit of anesthesia. After suffering unimaginable pain, many lost their lives to infection. One woman was made to endure 34 experimental operations for a prolapsed uterus. Read: Wendy Brinker, 2002.

Father of Obstetrics Experimented on Slaves

Father of Gynecology Experimented on Slaves