A cornerstone of the Declaration of Helsinki (adopted by the World Medical Association in 1964, and reaffirmed on Oct. 2000) is the distinction between research that is intended to be "therapeutic" (potentially beneficial) to the subject and "nontherapeutic" research, which is not intended to be beneficial to the subject. The U.S. Code of Regulations affirms that distinction for research involving children (45 CFR 46 Sections 405, 406), and the U.S. Code affirms that distinction for the military (10 USC 980).
"The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential," reads the Nuremberg Code of 1947, which was drafted in direct response to the sheer barbarity of Nazi-era medical experiments on Jews and other captive groups. Continue reading →
2000 Study by Merck Showed Vioxx Risk: Results Not Given to FDA – Star Ledger Sun, 3 Jul 2005 News reports reveal that Merck failed to disclose Vioxx lethal effects to the FDA. Sheldon Krimsky, a science policy expert at Tufts University . . . Continue reading →
January 7, 2002 FYI MAD IN AMERICA (Perseus Press), a new book by Robert Whitaker, a prize winning science journalist, is sure to cause a stir. Whitaker holds psychiatry’s feet to the fire by examining the evidence in the professional psychiatric literature, . . . Continue reading →