Blitzed: Nazi Germany’s methamphetamine addiction

Norman Ohler, an award winning German journalist and author of novels, has written an astonishing historical account that brings to light a previously unmentioned, but pervasive facet of life during the Third Reich. The German book title, Der Totale Rausch“(2015) is a play . . . Continue reading →

Nazi Victims’ Newly Identified Brain Parts Uncovered at Max Planck Research Institute

August 31, 2016: The Times of Israel  reports that brain parts used for research during, and after WWII by Nazi doctors — most likely by the premier neuroscientist, Professor Julius Hallervorden –have been newly uncovered at the Max Planck Institute — formerly . . . Continue reading →

Twentieth Century Ethics Of Human Subjects Research

Who determines whether a medical intervention falls within the parameters of an experiment?   Historical case is examined by Maria Rentetzi, who addresses the issue in “The Women Radium Dial Painters as Experimental Subjects (1920-1990), or; What Counts as Human Experimentation?” She notes . . . Continue reading →

5th Century B.C: Hippocratic Oath

The Hippocratic medical ethics oath is attributed to Hippocrates, and was adopted as a guide to the  medical profession conduct throughout the ages and still used in the graduation ceremonies of many medical schools. In essence, the Hippocratic Oath: “Primum non nocere” . . . Continue reading →

1714: Charles Maitland, Smallpox

Dr. Maitland inoculated six prisoners with smallpox, promising them release from prison. (Read D. Wooton, Bad Medicine: Doctors Doing Harm Since Hippocrates, 2006.)

1796: Edward Jenner, smallpox

Jenner used children to test a theory — based on folklore, not scientific evidence — that cowpox, a disease common in the rural parts of western England in the late eighteenth century, conferred immunity against subsequent exposure to smallpox. He tested his . . . Continue reading →

1845–1849: J. Marion Sims, “the father of gynegology”

J. Marion Sims performed multiple experimental surgeries on enslaved African women without the benefit of anesthesia. After suffering unimaginable pain, many lost their lives to infection. One woman was made to endure 34 experimental operations for a prolapsed uterus. Read: Wendy Brinker, 2002.

1880: Dr. Arnauer Hensen

Dr. Armauer Hensen, a Norweigian microbiologist who discovered the bacterium that causes leprosy, having failed to grow the bacterium in a petri dish or any experimental animal, he tried to inoculate leprosy into the eye of a woman without her consent or . . . Continue reading →