L’affaire Wakefield: References

[1] Alpha-1-Antitrypsin, Autism, And Coeliac Disease, John Walker-Smith and Judith Andrews, The Lancet, 1972; cited by Professor Walker-Smith in his autobiography, Enduring Memories, 2012, p. 211-3; Perinatal Measles Infection And Subsequent Crohn’s Disease. Ekbom A, Wakefield AJ, Zack M, Adami HO. Lancet 1994; Detection Of Immunoreactive Antigen, With A Monoclonal Antibody To Measles Virus, In Tissue From A Patient With Crohn's Disease, Hiroyuki Miyamoto, Tomoyuki Tanaka, Noritoshi Kitamoto, Yoshihiro Fukuda, Takashi Shimoyama, Journal of Gastroenterology, 1995

[2] Closed Financial Loops, Kevin De Jesus-Morales and Vinay Prasad , The Hastings Center, 2017

[3] Of Measles and Flu, Editor’s Choice, Fiona Godlee, October 2006

[4] The Tamiflu Trials, Editorial by Elizabeth Loder, David Tovey, and Fiona Godlee, BMJ, 2014

[5] The Next MMR – Could We Do Better? Fiona Godlee, Head of BMJ Knowledge, power point presentation, British National Formulary, 2004

[6] Reflections on Investigating Wakefield, Brian Deer, BMJ, February 2, 2010

[7] Deposition of Jane Smith, BMJ Deputy Editor June 28, 2012, Wakefield vs. BMJ (Texas litigation) BMJ 8523, p. 45-46

[8] How The Case Against The MMR Vaccine Was Fixed, BMJ, January 6, 2011; How The Vaccine Crisis Was Meant To Make Money, BMJ, January 11, 2011; The Lancet’s Two Days To Bury Bad News, BMJ, January 18, 2011

[9] Wakefield’s Article Linking MMR Vaccine And Autism Was Fraudulent , Editorial by Fiona Godlee, Editor-in-Chief; Jane Smith, Deputy Editor; Harvey Marcovitz, Associate Editor, BMJ, January 5, 2011

[10] CNN, Anderson Cooper 360 Degrees, January 5, 2011

[11] Merck’s MMR is the only one used in the U.S. while GSK’s MMR is the only one used in the UK.

[12] Fiona Godlee, BMJ Rapid Response, 2011; Videotaped Presentation NIH, 2011

[13] Vioxx Maker Merck and Co Drew Up Doctor Hit List, Milanda Rout, The Australian, 6, 2009; Merck Created Hit List to “Destroy,” Neutralize” or “Discredit” Dissenting Doctors, CBS News, 2009

[14] Paul Offit was on CDC’s vaccine advisory committee and voted to add rotavirus vaccine to CDC vaccination schedule (1999). Dr. Offit held the patent for the vaccine. In 2006, he and his business partners sold the patent to Merck and cashed in $182 million. He told Newsweek “It was like winning the lottery.” Dr. Paul Offit: Debunking the Vaccine-Autism Link Newsweek, 2008

[15] Vaccines and Autism – What Do Epidemiological Studies Really Tell Us? Coalition for Safe Minds, 2011

[16] CDC Scientists Expose Agency Corruption, World of Mercury Project, November, 2016

[17] Internal CDC documents obtained under FOIA in 2011; Internal CDC documents obtained in 2017: Exhibit -Evidence of Misconduct Danish-CDC Collaboration: Mismanagement & Intentional Collusion by CDC Staff With Principal Investigator Poul Thorsen, Report, Ex47pp. of documents, 2017;

[18] Japanese & British Data Show Vaccines Cause Autism, 2009; Clifford Miller, BMJ Rapid Responses, April 2005; Strong Evidence MMR, Thiomersal & Other Vaccines Cause Autism - A Population Level Rechallenge in Japan , Clifford Miller, BMJ “Rapid Response, 2005;

[19] MMR - Autism Epidemiological Studies: Just A Distraction, Edward Yazbak, MD: Dr. Yazbak is a pediatrician and astute critic of the industry-driven, one-size-fits-all vaccination policies, whose grandchild is autistic.

[20]The Pilot Comparative Study On The Health Of Vaccinated And Unvaccinated 6- To 12- Year Old U.S. Children,” Anthony R Mawson, Brian D Ray, Azad R Bhuiyan, Binu Jacob. The article was “de-published” without comment by The Journal of Translational Science, May 2017; a pdf of the article is posted at Alliance for Human Research Protection; Children’s Medical Safety Research Institute; SCRIBD; and now reposted at OAT (Open Access Text); Retraction Watch promised updates about this saga.

[21] Censored Study of Vaccinated vs. Unvaccinated sees Daylight, James Grundvig, Healthcare in America, 2017. James Grundvig is the author of Master Manipulator: The Explosive True Story of Fraud, Embezzlement, and Government Betrayal at the CDC, 2016.

[22] MMR/Autism & the Taming of the British Media, Clifford Miller, Esq, 2008; Former CBS science reporter Sharyl Attkisson had numerous reports about vaccines and autism killed by editors because they offended the industry. She lists a brigade of bloggers aligned to the vaccine industry and government, who pounce on any scientist or reporter who dares question vaccine mantra at: What the News Isn’t Saying About Vaccine-Autism Studies,sharylattkisson.com, Nov. 2016; Sharyl Attkisson, Loyd Grove The Daily Beast, 2014;

[23] No Jabs, No School Says Labour MP, BBC News, May 2008

[24] The Global Crackdown On Parents Who Refuse Vaccines For Their Kids Has Begun, Julia Beluz, Vox, Sept 2017;
 How Countries Around The World Try To Encourage Vaccination, CNN, June 2017; Mass Protests in Italy Highlight Global Vaccination Agenda and the Resistance Movement, Barbara Lo Fisher, Vaccine Imact, 2017

[25] Beatrice Lorenzin stated: "ricordi di sono di morbillo che'n Londra all'Inghilterra la scorso anno morte due cento settanta  bambini" Youtube, June 2017; Italy Approves Hotly Contested Mandatory Vaccine Program, the vote was 296 to 92, with 15 abstentions, Associated Press, July 2017

[26] Measles Deaths by Age Group: 1980 to 2016 (ONS data), Public Health England, July 2017

[27] UK Doctors Re-examine Case for Mandatory Vaccination, BMJ, 2017. Rapid Responses are selectively posted: here

[28] The European Centre for Law & Justice (ECLJ) submitted written observations (2016) defending the rights of parents to exercise conscientious objection. ECLJ notes the lack of consistency regarding vaccination policies within the European Union – Austria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway (EEA and Schengen), Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom have no obligatory law to vaccinate, whereas France requires 11 vaccines. ECLJ notes that the president of the French technical committee on vaccination acknowledged that: “countries which leave the choice to parents have a rate of vaccination cover quite similar to ours”, that is to say to countries which impose it by constraint.”

Therefore, ECLJ reasoned, “it is interesting that the use, and hence the necessity, of the obligation to vaccinate is not proven by the facts It is hence not proven that constraints be necessary regarding a vaccination policy. Even more, it can be prejudicial for vaccines and viruses evolve.” Can One Refuse Compulsory Vaccination? The European Court Will Soon Decide, Grégor Puppinck, European Centre for Law & Justice, 2017

[29] The High Court decision (2012); transcripts of testimony before the General Medical Council (2007- 2010) that were subsequently adjudicated by the High Court; the sworn deposition of the Deputy Editor of the BMJ with internal BMJ emails (2012); internal correspondence by CDC officials and CDC-commissioned scientists (2000-2009, some uncovered in 2011; new documents obtained in July 2017); transcript of closed door meetings of the Epidemic Intelligence Service at Simpsonwood (2000); transcript of the closed meeting of the US Institute of Medicine Committee on Immunization Safety Review (2001); U.S. Grand Jury criminal indictment of Dr. Poul Thorsen (2011); transcripts of the UK Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (1988); a confidential report of GlaxoSmithKline (2012); Cochrane Collaboration MMR reviews (2003, 2005, 2012);

[30] Professor John Walker-Smith vs. General Medical Council Before Mr. Justice Mitting, Case No. CO/7039/2010 High Court Decision, 2012

[31] Copy of Brian Deer’s complaint to the GMC, RE: Wakefield, Walker-Smith, Murch, Feb. 25, 2004

[32] Apparent Egregious Ethical Misconduct by British Medical Journal, Brian Deer, David L. Lewis, Ph.D., Jan. 8, 2012. Several of Dr. Godlee’s emails are appended to the report.

[33] Fiona Godlee’s response to emails from Age of Autism, Nov. 3 2011. That claim is shown to be false by a substantial body of published, peer reviewed studies that, since 1998, focus on various aspects of inflammatory bowel disease and autism spectrum; a connection is confirmed. [See Appendix 11 an annotated bibliography.]

[34] Ileal-Lymphoid-Nodular Hyperplasia, Non-Specific Colitis, And Pervasive Developmental Disorder in Children, AJ Wakefield SH Murch, A Anthony, J Linnell, D M Casson, M Malik, M Berelowitz, A P Dhillon, M A Thomson, P Harvey, A Valentine, S E Davies, J A Walker-Smith. The Lancet, 1998 Retracted 2010

[35] Unexplained Puzzle of the GMC Verdict, BMJ Feb. 2010

[36] Text posted at Scribd

[37] Autistic Disturbances of Affective Contact. Leo Kanner, Nervous Child, 1943

[38] Kanner’s Infantile Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome, JMS Pearce, BMJ: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, & Psychiatry, 2004

[39] Longitudinal Thalamic Diffusion Changes After Middle Cerebral Artery Infarcts, D Hervé et al. Journal of Neurological Neurosurgical Psychiatry, 2005

[40] A letter from Professor John Walker-Smith to Dr. Pegg, Chairman, Royal Hospital Ethics Committee, Nov. 11, 1996, submitted in evidence to the GMC. The letter was excerpted in the High Court Decision, March 7, 2012, Par. 6

[41] GMC Transcripts (Day 3) cited by Martin Hewitt, How Brian Deer and the BMJ Fixed the Record Over Wakefield Part 3, Age of Autism

[42] MedicoLegal Investigations Ltd. (MLI) was established by Dr. Frank Wells, a former medical director of the Association of British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI) was also a former chairman of the British Medical Association, and Mr. Peter Jay, a former detective chief inspector of the police. http://archive.is/Iwc0h .

[43] Wikipedia

[44] MLI website (2007) describes its services and identifies the following MLI officers & Directors are listed: Chairman: Mike Wallace FCA, is vice-President of ABPI; Managing Director: Peter Jay, an investigator to the GMC solicitors; Secretary: Jonathan Jay; Dr. Richard Tiner, Medical Director, ABPI. http://www.whale.to/v/mli.html

[45] MMR and MLI: MMR Sunday Times Investigation (22nd February 2004), MedicoLegal Investigation Ltd. Newsletter, March 2004

[46] The Complainant Brian Deer, the ABPI, Medico Legal Investigations & Dr Andrew Wakefield, Martin Walker, 2008

[47] Is Measles Vaccination A Risk Factor For Inflammatory Bowel Disease? N.P Thompson, Prof RE Pounder, AJ Wakefield, SM Montgomery, The Lancet, 1995; Confirmation of Persistent Measles Virus Infection Of Intestinal Tissue By Immunogold Electron Microscopy, J Lewin, AP Dhillon, R Sim, RE Pounder, AJ Wakefield, Gut, 1995

[48] Ekbom A, Daszak P, Kraaz W, Wakefield AJ. Crohn’s Disease After In Utero Measles Virus Exposure. Lancet 1996; N.P Thompson, Prof RE Pounder, AJ Wakefield, SM Montgomery. Is Measles Vaccination A Risk Factor For Inflammatory Bowel Disease? The Lancet, 1995; Ekbom A, Wakefield AJ, Zack M, Adami HO. Perinatal Measles Infection And Subsequent Crohn’s Disease. Lancet 1994;344: 508–10.

[49] In 1997, Dr. Wakefield was promoted from Senior Lecturer to Reader in Histopathology & Medicine, which denotes a distinguished international reputation in research. (which is equivalent to Full Professor in American universities). Wikipedia

[50] Pediatricians and most authoritative medical ethics guidelines consider the single draw of blood from healthy children by a skilled person as posing minimal risk. British Paediatric Association Guidelines (1999); Paediatric Medicines: Proposed EU Regulation; Report with Evidence, 2006; Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics, edited by Ezekiel Emanuel, Christine Grady, Robert Crouch, Reidar Lie and Franklin Miller, 2011 (p. 529); Pediatric Ethics: Protecting the Interests of Children, Alan Fleischman MD, 2016; Taking Blood From Children Causes No More Than Minimal Harm, Smith, M. Journal of Med. Ethics, 1985; The Medical Research Council Ethics Guide for Children (2004) puts it in the low risk category.

[51] GMC Fitness to Practice Panel, Transcript Day 136, Mr. Kiernan Coonan, counsel fir Dr. Wakefield, April 28, 2009, p.23.

[52] Ethics, Research and Development, Oxford University Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust

[53] Minutes. Joint Sub-Committee on Adverse Reactions to Vaccination and Immunisation, March 8, 1988. Transcript

[54] Heather Mills of Private Eye challenged the GMC over the matter in "MMR Conflict of Interest Zone" Private Eye, June 2007. Journalists from The Observer, the Sunday Express, and the Mail on Sunday questioned the GMC as well.

[55] The Kings College- Maudsely faculty is noted for a genetic bias; they tend to attribute a genetic biological cause to most psychiatric disorders, including autism. The most recent example is an article titled, “Multi-Polygenic Score Approach to Trait Prediction” in Nature Molecular Psychiatry, August 2017

[56] Autism, Affective And Other Psychiatric Disorders: Patterns Of Familial Aggregation, Psychological Medicine, 1998;

Institutional Care: Risk From Family Background Or Pattern Of Rearing? Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 2000; New-Onset Psychiatric Disorders In Individuals With Autism, Autism, 2008; Early Developmental Regression In Autism Spectrum Disorder: Evidence From An International Multiplex Sample, Journal of Autism Developmental Disorders, 2011

[57] Dr. Rutter testified on behalf of the US government in a case involving mercury (thimerosal) as a cause of autism, the U.K. MMR litigation, and the U.S. Omnibus Autism Proceeding in the special vaccine court, concerning both MMR and thimerosal as causes of autism.

[58] The Legal Aid Board was a means-tested, government funded legal assistance program for consumers.

[59] Lies Exposed at the UK MMR Vaccine Trial Court, Jane Bryant, The One Click Group, April 10, 2008; A Political Trial in London” John Stone, Age of Autism, 2008

[60] Read the verdict against Professor John Walker-Smith here; the verdict against Dr. Andrew Wakefield, here

[61] Skilled Forensic Capacity Needed To Investigate Allegations of Research Fraud by Iain Chalmers,2011. The 1990s case involved Stoke on Trent: “another journalist, Brian Morgan, together with a pressure group and the then editor of the Bulletin of Medical Ethics Richard Nicholson, alleged that researchers associated with a controlled trial involving preterm infants [sic] were guilty of research misconduct, including forgery of consent forms. A media frenzy followed… the clinicians who had been targeted by the campaign had to wait 11 years before the GMC eventually judged that they had no case to answer. This delay in justice had devastating effects on the doctors and nurses and their families who had been publicly vilified as well as on clinical research in the UK.”

[62]Predetermined conclusions seem to be the operational norm for authoritative medical panels that issue rulings to protect vaccination rates and vaccine profits rather than the safety of children. Dr. Tom Jefferson recently concluded that the European Medicines Agency’s (so called) “pharmacovigilance” safety review of the HPV (papilloma virus) vaccine was predetermined. See, Human Papillomavirus Vaccines… Tom Jefferson and Lars Jørgensen, Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, 2017.

[63] Identification Of Unique Gene Expression Profile In Children With Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) And Ileocolitis, PLoS One (2013) Walker SJ1, Fortunato J, Gonzalez LG, Krigsman A.



[64] SPIC. Briefing for the Public Petitions Committee, Scottish Parliament, Anne Jepson, 2017

[65] Parliament Was Given False MMR Assurance, FOIA Center News Archive, May 23, 2007

[66] The US Centers for Disease Control reported that:

“Aseptic meningitis has been clearly associated with administration of the Urabe strain mumps vaccine virus but not with the Jeryl Lynn strain, which is the only mumps vaccine used in the United States. Sentinel surveillance laboratories in the United Kingdom identified thirteen aseptic meningitis cases (91 cases per 1 million doses distributed) that occurred after administration of the Urabe strain vaccine during 1988-1992.]

[67] Letter to David Salisbury by Alan Golding: A Time To Revisit Decisions, 2008

[68] The prevalence of autism surged. See, Autism Incidence in UK, by Health Authorities of Childhood Autism Incidence rate quadrupled between 1987 and 1998; Percentage increase between 1987 and 1998 was 273%. See, Changes in the Population of Persons with Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders ...1987 through 1998, Report to the Legislature. California Department of Developmental Services, 1999.

[69]Professor Marta Granstrom, MD, PhD Karolinska Institute, Sweden cited by James Ottar Grundvig, Master Manipulator: The Explosive True Story of Fraud, Embezzlement, and Government Betrayal, 2016

[70] SKB became GlaxoSmithKline, GSK in 2000

[71] Documents confirm that government officials who were responsible for the Pluserix debacle have continued to implement a UK children’s vaccination policy that prioritized vaccination compliance rather than children’s safety. See Appendix 1

[72] In this “first statistical bulleting to be published on immunization since 1987,” it acknowledges that “coverage for MMR fell from 92% to 91%, the lowest level for three years.” NHS Immunisation Statistics, England: 1997-1998, archived at: https://web.archive.org/web/20031117032751/http://www.doh.gov.uk/pub/docs/doh/imstat98.pdf ; Edward Yazbak, MD, analyzed the NHS statistical data, noted that: “Approximately 19,000 (3.3%) fewer children received 3 doses of pertussis vaccine in 1997-1998 than in 1993-1994. In comparison, 87,000 (13.6%) fewer children received one dose of MMR vaccine.”  Read, The MMR and Single Measles, Mumps and Rubella Vaccines: The REAL Facts, in the BMJ, 2005.

[73] Infanrix hexa,  Confidential Report to Regulatory Authorities (the European Medicines Authority), GlaxoSmithKline 1271 pp. report: December 2011/ The report documents infant deaths (Oct. 2009 to Oct 2011). The report and the deaths were concealed from the public until an Italian court ordered it to be disclosed in 2014. Details in Appendix 8

[74] Real Or Perceived Adverse Effects Of Vaccines And The Media - A Tale Of Our Times", Tom Jefferson, BMJ Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, June 2000

[75] On the Suppression of Vaccination Dissent, Prof. Brian Martin (University of Wollongong, Australia), Science & Engineering, 2015

[76] MMR/Autism & the Taming of the British Media, Clifford Miller, Esq, 2008; Former CBS science reporter Sharyl Attkisson had numerous reports about vaccines and autism killed by editors because they offended the industry. She lists a brigade of bloggers aligned to the vaccine industry and government, who pounce on any scientist or reporter who dares question vaccine mantra at: What the News Isn’t Saying About Vaccine-Autism Studies,sharylattkisson.com, Nov. 2016; Sharyl Attkisson, Loyd Grove The Daily Beast, 2014;

[77] The UK infant toddler vaccination schedule has greatly expanded since 1998: from DTP, Polio, HiB and MMR to a whopping 2017 schedule that includes, DTaP+Polio+HiB+Hep B, Rotavirus, 13 strain pneumococcal, Men C and Men B.

[78] The Public Health Legacy of the 1976 Sine Flu Outbreak, Rebecca Keston, Discover Magazine, 2013

[79] Reflections on the 1976 Swine Flu Vaccination Program, David Sencer and Donald Millart, CDC, 2006; The Long Shadow of the 1976 Swine Flu Vaccine “Fiasco”, Smithsonian Magazine, 2017

[80] Swine Flu Could Kill 65,000 in UK, Warns Chief Medical Officer, The Guardian, July 2009

[81] Antibodies To Influenza Nucleoprotein Cross-React With Human Hypocretin Receptor 2, SS Ahmed, et al, Science Translational Medicine, 2015; Why A Pandemic Flu Shot Caused Narcolepsy , Gretchen Vogel, Science Magazine, July, 2015

[82] Vaccination Policy and the U.K. Government: The Untold Truth, by Research Journalist Christina England and Lucija Tomljenovic, PhD, December 2015. “This is a profound, engaging and inspirational account of what has been done and what needs to be done to restore confidence in the medical profession and the pharmaceutical industry”. Michael Innis, MD.

[83] Increase Risk of DevelopmentalImpairment After High Exposure to Thimerosal-containing Vaccine in First Month of Life, Thomas Verstraeten, MD, NIP, R. Davies, F. DeStefano, Division of Epidemiology and Surveillance, Vaccine Safety and Development Branch, 1999, Abstract; transcript of full presentation at Epidemic Intelligence Service Conference at Simpsonwood, GA, 2000

[84] The CDC Finances, Writes And Helps Publish Danish Research” Edward Yazbak, MD, Vaccination News, 2005

[85] Mitochondrial Dysfunction In The Gastrointestinal Mucosa Of Children With Autism: A Blinded Case-Control Study, PLoS One, October 2017. Shannon Rose, Sirish C. Bennuri, Katherine F. Murray, Timothy Buie, Harland Winter, Richard Eugene Frye

[86] The Brighton Collaboration: Addressing The Need For Standardized Case Definitions Of Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI).Bonhoeffer J, Kohl K, Chen R, Duclos P, Heijbel H, Heininger U, Jefferson T, Loupi E. Vaccine, 2002

[87] The Brighton Collaboration: Creating a Global Standard for Case Definitions (and Guidelines) for Adverse Events Following Immunization, Katrin S. Kohl, Jan Bonhoeffer, M. Miles Braun, Robert T. Chen, Philippe Duclos, Harald Heijbel, Ulrich Heininger, Elisabeth Loupi, S. Michael Marcy; The Brighton Collaboration, 2005

[88] Dr. Charles Beasley, an Eli Lilly senior scientist stated in a letter to the editor of the British Medical Journal on November 9, 1991, "Healy and Creaney's suggestion of using rechallenge to determine causality of rare events is scientifically appropriate." (Charles M. Beasley, Fluoxetine and Suicide, British Medical
 Journal, Col. 304, November 9, 1991, p. 1200); Anthony J.Rothschild, et al., Reexposure to Fluoxetine After Serious Suicide Attempts by Three Patients: The Role of Akathisia, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1991

[89] The Real World Failure of Evidence-Based Medicine, Clifford Miller and Donald Miller, MD, International Journal of Person Centered Medicine, 2011.

[90] MMR Kids - Living Scientific Proof MMR Causes Autism, Clifford Miller, Rapid Response, BMJ, 2004

[91] Questions on the Independence and Reliability of Cochrane Reviews, with a Focus on Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine, Clifford Miller, Esq. Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons, 2006

[92] Absence of Evidence is Not Evidence of Absence, Lawrence I. Bonchek, M.D Editor in Chief, The Journal of Lancaster General Hospital, 2016. Dr. Bonchek attributes the axiom to Martin Rees, a British astrophysicist.

[93] Unintended Events Following Immunization with MMR: A Systematic Review, Tom Jefferson, Deirdre Price, Vittorio Demicheli, Elvira Bianco, For EUSAFEVAC Project, 2003 Full text here; See also, Balancing Benefits and Harms in Health Care: Observational Data on Harm Are Already Included in Systematic Reviews, Tom Jefferson and Vittorio Demicheli, BMJ, 2003

[94] Vaccines for Measles Mumps and Rubella in Children, V Demicheli, T Jefferson, A Rivetti, D Price, Chochrane Database, 2005

[95] Cochrane Library Publishes the Most Thorough Survey of MMR Vaccination Data, Amy Molnar, EurekAlert, 2005. EurekAlert, a service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science that purports to be, “the Global Source for Science News[96] Poul Thorsen Fugitive Researcher, Beth Clay for The World Mercury Project, Update August 2017 [43 Exhibits totaling 381pp.]

[97] Evidence of Misconduct Danish-CDC Collaboration: Mismanagement & Intentional Collusion by CDC Staff With Principal Investigator Poul Thorsen, Report, 47pp. of documents, 2017.

[98] Alive And Well: The MMR-Autism Connection, F. Edward Yazbak, MD 2005.

[99] Cochrane Collaboration Safety Review Of The MMR Vaccine, V Demicheli, A Rivetti, MG Debalini, C Di Pietrantonj, 2012

[100] Genome-Wide Associations Of CD46 And IFI44L Genetic Variants With Neutralizing Antibody Response To Measles Vaccine, Haralambieva IH, Ovsyannikova IG, Kennedy RB, Larrabee BR, Zimmermann MT, Grill DE, Schaid DJ, Poland GA, Human Genetics, 2017; Variability in Humoral Immunity to Measles Vaccine: New Developments, Haralambieva IH, Kennedy RB, Ovsyannikova IG, Whitaker JA, Poland GA, Trends Molecular Medicine, December, 2015 [Free Text];  Heterogeneity In Vaccine Immune Response: The Role Of Immunogenetics And The Emerging Field Of Vaccinomics, Poland GA, Ovsyannikova IG, Jacobson RM, Smith DI, Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 2007

[101] Dr. Jefferson’s 2016 disclosure of competing interests (here and here) reveals copious consulting work on behalf of several pharmaceutical companies, including GSK; he has served on company advisory boards, and as an expert witness. He is the recipient of grants from the UK and Australian government National Health Service agencies (UK – NHR an Aussie- NHMRC), and has received grants and other fees from Elsevier and BMJ Books.

[102]Is the Timing of Recommended Childhood Vaccines Evidence-Based?  Dr. Tom Jefferson and Dr. Vittorio Demicheli, BMJ (2016; Disconnect between evidence & CDC claims Re: childhood vaccination schedule, 2017;

[103] What does Rupert Murdoch own? USA Today 2015

[104] Wikipedia, 2017

[105] The Murdoch massive phone-hacking operation was first uncovered by Nick Davies of The Guardian Trail of Hacking and Deceit Under Nose of Tory PR Chief, July 2009

[106] Taming the Murdochs’ Toxic Corporate Culture, Lucy Marcus, Project Syndicate, May 31, 2017

[107] Dial M for Murdoch: News Corporation and the Corruption of Britain. Tom Watson and Martin Hickman, 2012; Reviewed Peter Wilby The Guardian, 2012

[108] The Full Rupert: Murdoch at the Leveson Inquiry, By John Cassidy, The New Yorker, April 25, 2012

[109] Phone Hacking: Timeline of the Scandal, The Telegraph, 2012; UK Phone Hacking Scandal Fast Facts CNN Library, April, 2017

[110] Leveson Judiciary Report, November 29, 2012

[111] Murdoch Papers’ Intrusion May Shock Brown, But It Doesn’t Surprise Me, Robert Tait (former Sunday Times reporter), Radio Free Europe, July, 2011

[112] Something Is Rotten… Robin Lustig, HuffPost (UK), 2014

[113] Rupert Murdoch and the Corporate Culture of News Corp. Ryan Chittum, Columbia Journalism Review, 2011

[114] Ofcom Has Concerns About Murdoch Power In UK If Sky Bid Allowed. Mark Sweney, The Guardian, 2017

[115] Business Insider, July 2011

[116] Untangling Rebekah Brooks, Susanna Andrews, Vanity Fair, 2012

[117] Dial M for Murdoch: News Corporation and the Corruption of Britain, By Tom Watson & Martin Hickman.
 Review, Brian Cathacart, The Independent, April, 2012; Review, Peter Wilby The Guardian; Review, Jonathan Heawood, The Telegraph

[118] Dial M for Murdoch by Tom Watson and Martin Hickman. Review by Peter Wilby, The Guardian, 2012

[119] Murdoch’s Access To British Prime Minister Shows Media Power Still In Hands Of The Few, Des Freedman And Justin Schlosberg, International Forum for Responsible Media, 2017

[120] Gordon Brown Launches Fierce Attack on Rupert Murdoch at Leveson Inquiry, The Guardian, 2012

[121] Read how the Sunday Times editor, John Witherow, a staunch Murdoch supporter, published articles that misrepresented the hacking trial verdicts and the Leveson Report. The editor concealed the Sunday Times own poll which showed wide public support for the Leveson Report recommendations. HackedOff, 2014

[122] Phone Hacking Crisis Shows News Corp is No Ordinary News Company. Jay Rosen, the Guardian, 2011

[123] The Telegraph, 2008

[124] Deposition of Jane Smith, BMJ Deputy Editor June 28, 2012, Wakefield vs. BMJ (Texas litigation) BMJ 8523, [p. 82]

[125] The list of Deer’s relentless hatchet job from February 2004 to August 2012 is posted on his website here.

[126] MMR: The Truth Behind The Crisis by Brian Deer The Sunday Times, February 22, 2004; Brian Deer’s Channel 4 TV Dispatches: MMR: What They Didn’t Tell You, 2004

[127] Revealed: MMR research scandal by Brian Deer, The Times, February 22 2004

[128] Read more here; and extensive credible reporting by John Stone, Age of Autism, here, here, & here

[129] Lancet Admit Mistake in Publishing Vaccine Article, Transcript, The World Today, BBC Archive Feb. 23, 2004

[130] MMR: The Truth Behind The Crisis, Brian Deer, The Sunday Times, Feb. 22, 2004; Revealed: MMR Research Scandal, February 22 2004; “MMR Scare Doctor Planned Rival Vaccine” The Times, Nov. 14, 2004; “Doctors in MMR Scare Face Public Inquiry” The Times, Dec. 12,2004

[131] Claim That MMR Work Mixed Science with Spin, James Meikle, The Guardian 2004

[132] Demand Grows for Full MMR Inquiry, James Meikle, The Guardian, 2004

[133] MMR Science and Fiction: Exploring the Vaccine Crisis, Richard Horton, 2004

[134] MMR judge’s family link to triple-vaccine company (May 9) and Parliament Was Given False MMR Assurance (May 23), FOIA Center News Archive, 2007

[135] Email from official at the US Health Resources Services Administration (HRSA, May, 2008) to Sharyl Attkisson [then CBS Health-Science reporter] indicated that by March 2008, more than 1,322 children have been compensated for vaccine-related encephalitis or seizure disorders.

[136] Autism Web Forum, May 2007

[137] He deceived parents into getting an interview by misrepresenting himself using a false name; he violated confidentiality of children, posting their names on his website; he fabricated a scenario of fraud with not a shred of evidence to support it; amd concealed his role as the initiator of the GMC investigation.

[138] http://briandeer.com/mmr/st-mmr-reports.htm

[139] Wakefield vs. Channel Four Television Corporation Ltd & Brian Deer  Justice Eady Decision, December 2006

[140] A Deer in the Headlights, Melanie Phillips, The Spectator, Feb. 2009

[141] Wakefield Addendum to Complaint  to the Press Complaints Commission, May, 2009

[142] Screen shots from his website dated 2004 and 2006 upon request

[143] Stop Witch-Hunting Wakefield, Dr. Michael Fitzpatrick, Spiked, 2006

[144] News Corporation encompasses television, newspapers, including News International and related global digital assets. The Sun, The Times (London) and The Sunday Times are part of News International. Wikipedia

[145] James Murdoch Takes GlaxoSmithKline Role, James Tryhorn, The Guardian, 2009

[146] Solved the Riddle of MMR”; MMR Doctor Andrew Wakefield Fixed Data on Autism by Brian Deer, The SundayTimes, Feb. 8, 2009; “Hidden Records Show MMR Truth” Feb. 8, 2009; Editorial. Talking Points: Journalists on Spot Over Measles, Sunday Times, Feb. 15, 2009

[147] The Preposterous Prejudice Of The Anti-MMR Lobby, David Aaronovitch, The Times 10 Feb 2009; David Aaronovitch, We Need An Inquiry Into How He Got Away With It, 14 Feb 2009; Discredited Doctor Makes Fortune In US Peddling MMR Claim: Creator Of 'Autism-Link Theory' Thrives in Texas, James Bone & David Rose 14 Feb 2009

[148] Fraud and Misconduct in Clinical Research: a Concern, Ashwaria Gupta, Perspective in Clinical Research, 2013

[149] Dr. Susan Davies testimony Days 32 & 33, September 4 & 5, 2007 here and here

[150] The Problems With the BMJ’s Wakefield-Fraud Story, Seth Mnookin, Jan. 2011

[151] Brian Deer. Truth of the MMR vaccine scandal, Times, Jan. 24, 2010; “Callous, Unethical and Dishonest’: Dr. Andrew WakefieldTimes, Jan. 31, 2010

[152] Two earlier articles in the BMJ by Deer, Reflections on Investigating Wakefield Under the Microscope , February 2, 2010; and Wakefield’s ‘Autistic Enterocolitis,” April 15, 2010

[153] Master Manipulator: The Explosive True Story of Fraud, Embezzlement, and Government Betrayal,James Ottar Grundvig, 2016

[154] CDC documents were obtained under the Freedom of Information Act request by the parent group, Coalition for Mercury Free Drugs (CoMeD)

[155] Rapid Response, Dr. Susan Davies, HHS, BMJ , Nov. 2, 2011

[156] Letter to the editor. Dr. Amar Dhillon, BMJ, Nov. 11, 2011

[157] Dr. Lewis, a microbiologist at the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for 30 years, filed 7 whistleblower complaints of retaliation against the EPA: “in all seven,[it was] sufficiently established that retaliations occurred. EPA [had] to pay cash settlements out of court, or the DOL [Department of Labor]...“ These cases prompted two hearings in the U.S. House of Representatives and a determination by the EPA Inspector General that “EPA cannot assure the public that land application of biosolids are safe.”

[158] John Stone, Age of Autism, April 2011

[159] MMR Fraud Needs Parliamentary Inquiry, Says BMJ, As New Information Puts Spotlight On Wakefield's Co-Authors, BMJ Press Release, Nov. 9, 2011

[160] A Personal Statement by Amar P Dhillon in response to “Pathology Reports Solve “New Bowel Disease” Riddle,” BMJ, Nov. 9, 2011

[161] For example, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.  Fear to Tread, The Economist, 2015

[162] Fresh Dispute About MMR ‘Fraud’, by Eugenie Samuel Reich, Nature, 2011

[163] Letter to the Chancellor of the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse by attorney Stephen Kohn RE: Brian Deer’s comments concerning Dr. David Lewis, November, 2012 (available upon request)

[164] Apparent Egregious Ethical Misconduct by British Medical Journal, Brian Deer, David L. Lewis, Ph.D., Jan. 8, 2012. Several of Dr. Godlee’s emails are appended to the report.

[165] Attorney’s letter of complaint to from F. Edwin Hallman / Hallman & Wingate, LLC, 2013, to Dr. Fiona Godlee, Editor-in-Chief, BMJ: “Mr. Deer has knowingly published false allegations of research misconduct against Dr. Lewis with malice aforethought. Given the long history of what you, the BMJ, and Mr. Deer have done to Dr. Andrew Wakefield and his coauthor, Prof. John-Walker-Smith, your most recent efforts to discredit Dr. Lewis are extremely disconcerting. As you know, the High Court of England overturned all of the allegations of research and ethics misconduct against Professor John Walker-Smith, which were based on Mr. Deer’s allegations. And the University College of London has decided not to follow up on your and Mr. Deer’s allegations of research misconduct against Dr. Andrew Wakefield because such an investigation would most likely be inconclusive.” (Edwin Hallman Letter available upon request.)

[166] Fiona Godlee, Response to emails from readers RE: Deer’s series, Rapid Response, BMJ November 11, 2011

[167] If The People Cannot Trust Their GovernmentGeo Engineering Watch, April, 2017

[168] Murdoch and Vaccines - Exposure of Murdoch's Crimes Open Up A Much Larger Story William Newton, Salem-News.com, Jul-17-2011

[169] Iraq And The Rupert Murdoch Connection: The Media Mogul's Network Of Pro-War Campaigners, Andy McSmith, The Independent, 2016

[170] Glaxo brings in James Murdoch,The Guardian, Feb. 2, 2009

[171] Jodie McVernon et al Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses, 2010

[172] Reuters’ News on Successor, Yvette Essen, The Telegraph, October 2002

[173] Read John Stone, Age of Autism

[174] An Interest in Conflict? Martin Walker, 2008; see also, Doctors Reject Calls for Enforced Pre-School Immunization, Age of Autism, 2010

[175] GMC made much of an insignificant, albeit unwise incident: after obtaining the consent of parents and children, he took blood samples from children at his son’s birthday party for comparison with autistic children with bowel disease. UK Panel Rules Against Doctor Over Vaccine, Associated Press, January 2010

[176] Professor Sir Michael Rutter & The Drug Industry Connections by Clifford Miller

[177] Quoted by James Ottar Grundvig, Master Manipulator: The Explosive True Story of Fraud, Embezzlement, and Government Betrayal, 2016

[178] “Increased Risk Of Developmental Neurologic Impairment After High Exposure To Thimerosal-Containing Vaccine In First Month Of Life” Dr. Thomas Verstraen, Dr. Robert Davis, Dr. Frank DeStefano, 1999. Findings presented at the Epidemic Intelligence Service meeting, Simpsonwood, June 7-8, 2000. Transcript Scientific Review of Vaccine Safety Datalink Information

[179] Merck Published Fake Journal, Bob Grant, The Scientist, April, 2009

[180] Smoke and Mirrors: Dr. Richard Horton and the Wakefield Affair, John Stone, Age of Autism, 2008

[181] Correspondence, response by Dr. Wakefield, 1998

[182] Justice Nigel Davis is now Lord Justice Davis.

[183] Autism Web Forum, May 2007

[184] Complaint filed with the GMC by 21 U.S. and U.K autism and vaccine safety advocacy organizations charging the following witnesses: Dr. Richard Charles Horton, Dr. David Maxwell Sallisbury, Dr. Arie Jeremy Zuckerman, Dr. Michael Stuart Pegg, and Dr. Michael Llewellyn Rutter, with False Expert Testimony; Misuse of Professional Position, Failure to Disclose Conflicting Interest.

[185] Big Pharma Bombshell: Judge Finds Merck Lied in Patent Trial, Overturns $200 Million Verdict, Michael Hiltzik, The Los Angeles Times, June 2016

[186] Drug Companies & Doctors: A Story of Corruption, Marcia Angell, New York Review of Books, 2009

[187] Closed Financial Loops, Kevin De Jesus-Morales and Vinay Prasad , The Hastings Center, 2017

[188] Law: A Shot in the Dark: the Complications From Vaccine Damage Seem to Multiply in the Courtroom, Grania Langdon-Down, The Independent, 1996

[189] COI Policies in Science and Medical Journals, Sheldon Krimsky, 2001

[190] MMR And The Development Of A Research Governance Framework In UCL, Feb. 2012

[191] University College London Issues New Research Standards But Says It Won’t Investigate Wakefield, BMJ, 2012

[192] Transcript of GMC hearing, Thursday 9 August 2007, Day 19

[193] Disclosures of Your Invention –FAQs, Alistair Hindle Associates – European Patent & Trade Mark Attorneys

[194] GMC Transcripts. Day 31 GMC Fitness to Practice hearing , Cengiz Altan Tarhan, September 3, 2007

[195] GMC Fitness to Practice Panel Hearing, Martin Walker

[196] Professor Elizabeth Miller, World Health Organization, 2010

[197] The British Dimension – the WHO Mercury Cover-Up and the CDC, John Stone, Age of Autism, 2012

[198] Cited by Martin V. Hewitt, “Parliamentary Protection and Open Science”, BMJ Rapid Responses, 2004

[199] Pathology Reports Solve ‘New Bowel Disease’ Riddle, Brian Deer, BMJ, November 9, 2011

[200] Exhibit 19, Deposition of Jane Smith, BMJ Deputy Editor, p. 43

[201] The Perils of Fake Science News, BBC Inside Science, Feb. 23, 2017

[202] MMR Fraud Needs Parliamentary Inquiry, Says BMJ, As New Information Puts Spotlight On Wakefield's Co-Authors, BMJ Press Release, Nov 9, 2011

[203] Immunization Safety Review: Vaccines and Autism, Institute of Medicine, 2004

[204] Fighting the Autism-Vaccine War by Bernadine Healy, MD, US News, 2008

[205] US Right to Know report , Genetic Literacy Project: Jon Entine & GLP Spin (July 2017) by Gary Ruskin exposes the stealth funding source of the GLP and its founder, Jon Entine who is bankrolled by Monsanto and the Koch brothers. Entine also founded ESG MediaMetrics, “an alliance of strategic partners”; he is a Senior Fellow of the Statistical Assessment Service (STATS) at George Mason University, and a columnist for the British-based international magazine Ethical Corporation. His articles are frequently published by The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, Forbes and Business Week, as well as The Times of London, The Australian Financial Review, and the Toronto Globe. Jon has been a scholar at the American Enterprise Institute since 2003.

[206] GLP bombarded the internet with 8 autism propaganda stories claiming scientific evidence confirms genetics is the sole cause of autism – even “brain size” is invoked as a determinant: Vaccines do not cause autism. Here's what science says does May 12, 2017; Hiding in plain sight: Is popular image of autism as a male-dominated condition hurting girls? May 23, 2017; Autism and ADHD are genetically linked May 24, 2017; No increase in “Autism” – Mystery Solved June 17, 2017; What might autism researchers learn from schizophrenia? (July 6, 2017; Clues to autism in how we are genetically programmed to look at faces July 17, 2017; Why identifying 'autism genes' is so elusive, July 21, 2017; Autism severity and brain size linked to genetic 'glitch' that disrupts Aug. 14, 2017

[207] Vaccines for the Unvaccinated: Protecting the Herd , David S. Stephens, Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2008

[208]Herd Immunity.” The Flawed Science and Failures of Mass Vaccination”, Suzanne Humphries, MD, International Medical Council on Vaccination, 2012; “Review of the United States universal varicella vaccination program… Incidence Rates, Cost-Effectiveness, and Vaccine Efficacy…”GS Goldman and PG King, Vaccine, 2013; Early and Current Fears about Vaccine Dangers, Stephen Lendman, Global Research, 2009;

[209] The Benefits of Vaccination Outweigh the Risks, edited by Noël Merino, 2015; originally published as "General Vaccine Safety Concerns," Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], April,2013

[210] Increased Susceptibility to Measles in Infants in the United States, Mark Papania, A L Baughman, S Lee, J Cheek, W Atkinson, S Redd, K Spitalny, L Finelli, L Markowitz, Pediatrics, 1999, cited by Suzanne Humphries, MD, “Herd Immunity.” The Flawd Science and Failures of Mass Vaccination, International Medical Council on Vaccination, 2012

[211]The affected high school had 276 students and was in the same building as a junior high school with 135 students. A review of health records in the high school showed that all 411 students had documentation of measles vaccination on or after the first birthday, in accordance with Illinois law.” Measles Outbreak among Vaccinated High School Students – Illinois. MMWR. June 22, 1984 / 33(24);349-51

[212] A letter of complaint to the European Medicines Agency (May 2016) by Dr. Peter Gøtzsche, Director of the Nordic Cochrane Center in Copenhagen, challenges the legitimacy of EMA’s opaque and secretive procedures; the life-long confidentiality agreements signed by EMA panelists; the EMA’s failure to evaluate the safety of vaccines in accordance with scientifically legitimate procedures; failure to identify the experts selected by the EMA; EMA’s acceptance of vaccine manufacturers’ safety assessment of their own products; and a litany of its members’ undisclosed financial conflicts of interest.

[213] Surveillance of Vaccination Coverage Among Adult Populations - United States, 2014, CDC MMWR Surveillance Summary, 2016

[214]Parents have the responsibility and authority to make medical decisions on behalf of their children. This includes the right to refuse or discontinue treatments, even those that may be life-sustaining. However, parental decision-making should be guided by the best interests of the child… In most cases, a child's parents are the persons who care the most about their child and know the most about him or her. As a result, parents are better situated than most others to understand the unique needs of their child and to make decisions that are in the child’s interests. Furthermore, since many medical decisions will also affect the child's family, parents can factor family issues and values into medical decisions about their children.” See, Parental Responsibility: Guidance from the British Medical Association, Ethics Department, 2008; See also, Parental Decision Making, Douglas S. Diekema, M.D., M.P.H. Ethics in Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, 2014

[215] Is the Timing of Recommended Childhood Vaccines Evidence-Based?  Dr. Tom Jefferson and Dr. Vittorio Demicheli, BMJ, 2016

[216] Just How Safe is the Cervical Cancer Jab?... Daughters Suffered Devastating Side-Effects from the HPV vaccine and Experts Are Worried Too, John Naish, Daily Mail, June 2015

[217] Japanese Government Continues to Ban the MMR Vaccine, 2016

[218] HPV Complex Regional Pain Syndrome…Tom Jefferson and Lars Jørgensen, Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, 2017.

[219] MMR/Autism & the Taming of the British Media, Clifford Miller, Esq, 2008; Former CBS science reporter Sharyl Attkisson had numerous reports about vaccines and autism killed by editors because they offended the industry. She lists a brigade of bloggers aligned to the vaccine industry and government, who pounce on any scientist or reporter who dares question vaccine mantra at: What the News Isn’t Saying About Vaccine-Autism Studies,sharylattkisson.com, Nov. 2016; Sharyl Attkisson, Loyd Grove The Daily Beast, 2014;

[220] Background on the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program, Mary Holland, JD and Robert Krakow, JD Excerpted from Vaccine Epidemic, 2011

[221] Bruesewitz v. Wyeth, Inc, 131 S Ct 1068 (2011). “Justice Scalia, writing for the majority, relied on a textual analysis of NCVIA’s provision that no vaccine manufacturer is liable for a vaccine-related injury “if the injury or death resulted from side effects that were unavoidable even though the vaccine was properly prepared and was accompanied by proper directions and warnings.” Bruesewitz v Wyeth’s Impact on the Vaccine Safety Debate, Erin Fuse Brown and Jalayne Arias, ABA Health e Source, 2011

[222] Nazi Medical Atrocities; Nazi Victims’ Newly Identified Brain Parts Uncovered at Max Planck Research Institute, 2016