Reference Sources for CIA Torture Experiments

Marc Ambinder. Inside the Secret Interrogation Facility at Bagram, The Atlantic, May, 2010

Mark Benjamin. “War on terror” Psychologist Gets Giant No-Bid Contract,” Salon, Oct. 14, 2010
Mark Benjamin. Psychologists Group Still rocked by Torture Debate, Salon, Aug. 4, 2006

Gregg Bloche, MD and Jonathan Marks. Doctors and Interrogators at Guantanamo Bay, New England SJournal of Medicine, 2005

Erin Brodwin and Lauren Friedman. Horrifying Details Show Doctors’ Role In CIA Torture, Business Insider, Dec. 11, 2014

David Bromwich. Working the Dark Side, London Review of Books, Jan. 8, 2015

Nicholas Brown. A Critical Examination of the U.S. Army’s Comprehensive Soldier Fitness Program, The Winnower, July 2014

Steven Brunwasser, Jane Gillham and Eric Kim. A Meta-Analytic Review of PRP’s Effect on Depressive Symptoms, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2009

Krishnadev Calamur. ‘Unknowable’ If CIA Methods Elicited Useful Information, Agency’s Chief Says, NPR, Dec. 12, 2014

Philip Carter.  The Road to Abu Ghraib, Washington Monthly, Nov. 2004

Center for Torture Accountability. Archives: Bruce Jessen: The Shrink; James Mitchell

CIA Inspector General Review. “Counterterrorism Detention and Interrogation (Sept. 2001 – Oct. 2003)”, 2004 (released 2008; 2009)

CIA whistleblower John Kiriakou speaks out, Veterans Today, Feb. 10, 2015)

David Cole. Less Safe, Less Free: A Progress Report on the War on Terror: Address to the Terrorism & Justice Conference at the University of Central Missouri
David Cole. Did the Torture Report Give the CIA a Bum Rap? New York Times, Feb. 20, 2015
David Cole. The Torture Memos: The Case Against the Lawyers, New York Review of Books, 2009

Robert Collins. Voices from the “Dark Side”: The CIA Torture Debate, Frontline, Public Broadcasting Service, Dec. 10, 2014

Constitution Project Task Force. Report on Detainee Treatment, 2013; Ch. 6 Doctors’ and Psychologists’ Role in Treatment of Prisoners in CIA Custody

Katherine Darmer. Waterboarding And The Legacy Of The Bybee-Yoo “Torture And Power” Memorandum: Reflections From A Temporary Yoo Colleague And Erstwhile Bush Administration Apologist, Chapman Law Review, 2009

Defense Department Inspector General DoD Inspector General Review of Detainee Abuse , 2006
DoD Inspector General Report. Allegations of the Use of Mind-Altering Drugs to facilitate Interrogations of Detainees (2009)

DoD Deception Hides Fact SERE Torture Techniques Still Allowed for Interrogations, Daily Kos, May 7, 2014

Katherine Eban. Rorschach and Awe, Vanity Fair, 2007
Katherine Eban. The Psychologists Who Taught the C.I.A. How to Torture (and Charged $180 Million), Vanity Fair, 2014

Kurt Eichenwald. 500 Days: Secrets and Lies in the Terror Wars, 2012 (Excerpt)

Roy Eidelson, Marc Pilsuk & Stephen Soldz. The Dark Side of “Comprehensive Soldier Fitness,” Psychology Today, March 25, 2011
Roy Eidelson and Stephen Soldz. “Does Comprehensive Soldier Fitness Work? CSF Research Fails the Test,” Coalition for an Ethical Psychology, Working Paper #1 May 2012
Roy Eidelson. The Army’s Flawed Resilience-Training Study: A Call for Retraction, Psychology Today, June 4, 2012

Sarah Ellison. What Was New York Times Reporter James Risen’s Seven-Year Legal Battle Really for? Vanity Fair, April, 2015

Ethics Abandoned: Medical Professionalism and Detainee Abuse in the War on Terror, Institute on Medicine as a Profession (IMAP) and Open Society Foundations (OSF). Columbia University, 2013

Eric Fair. I Can’t Be Forgiven for Abu Ghraib: The Torture Report Reminds Us of What America Was, The New York Times, Dec. 9, 2014

Sheri Fink. Tortured Profession: Psychologists Warned of abusive Interrogations, Then Helped Craft Them, ProPublica, May 5, 2009

Peter Finn and Joby Warrick. Detainee’s Harsh Treatment Foiled No Plots, The Washington Post, March 29, 2009
Peter Finn and Joby Warrick. Document Referred to Extreme Duress as ‘Torture,’ Warned of Techniques’ Unreliability, The Washington Post, April 25, 2002

William Fisher. Bush’s “War on Terror” Tactics Make America Less Safe, Less Free, TruthOut, Aug. 2007

Michael John Garcia. The War Crimes Act: Current Issues, Congressional Research Service, Jan. 22, 2009

John Goetz and Britta Sandberg. The Torture Business: CIA Outsourced Development of Interrogation Plan, Des Spiegel, May 2009

Geoff Gray. Weaponizing Psychology, CounterPunch, December 24, 2014

Dwight Green, MD. Ethics Governing the Service of Prisoners as Subjects in Medical Experiments, Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), 1948.

Guantanamo America’s Battle Lab. Seton Hall Law Center for Policy and Research, 2015

Abraham Halpern, John Halpern and Sean Doherty. “Enhanced” Interrogation of Detainees: Do Psychologists and Psychiatrists Participate? Philosophy, Ethics and Humanities in Medicine, 2008

Lauren Harper. The CIA’s Declassified Torture Handbook: How to Create a “World of Fear, Terror, Anxiety, Dread.” National Security Archive, April 15, 2014

Seymour Hersh. Torture At Abu Ghraib: American Soldiers Brutalized Iraquis. How Far Up Does the Responsibility Go? The New Yorker, 2004

Alessandra Hirsch. Modern Day Mengeles, The Hastings Center Bioethics Forum, 2015

Christopher Hitchens. Believe Me, It’s Torture, Vanity Fair, 2008; Video

Scott Horton. APA Grapples with its Torture Demons, Harpers Magazine, 2014
Scott Horton. The Torture Doctors, Harper’s Magazine, 2013
Scott Horton. APA’s Unpredictable Past, Harper’s Magazine, 2010

Mark Hosenball. Report Reveals CIA Conducted Mock Executions, Newsweek, Aug. 2009

International Committee of the Red Cross Report on the Treatment by Coalition Forces of Prisoners of War, 2004

Michael Isikoff. Ali Soufan Breaks His Silence, Newsweek, April 24, 2009

Jeffrey Kaye. Before the EITs: James Mitchell’s Special Invite to FBI/APA Conference at Quantico on “Combatting Terrorism”, Dec. 21, 2014
Jeffrey Kaye. Torture program linked to illegal CIA techniques, AlJazeera America, Dec. 18, 2014
Jeffrey Kaye. Anti-Torture Psychologists Respond To Attack From APA Division Chief, The Public Record,
Nov 8th, 2012
Jeffrey Kaye and HP Albarelli. Cries From the Past: Torture’s Ugly Echoes, TruthOut, May 23, 2010
Jeffrey Kaye. Obama Interrogation Official Linked to Mind Control Research, The Public Record, 2010
Jeffrey Kaye. NYT Misses Full Story on Mitchell-Jessen, 2009
Jeffrey Kaye. The Torture Memos Are Not Just Sick, They’re Full of Lies: A Closer Look at the Bybee Memo, AlterNet, 2009

Glenn Kessler. Cheney’s claim that the U.S. did not prosecute Japanese soldiers for waterboarding, The Washington Post, Dec. 16, 2014

James Ketchum, MD. Chemical Warfare: Secrets Almost Forgotten, 2006

Naomi Klein. The Shock Doctrine, 2007
Jonathan Landay. Report: Abusive Tactics Used To Seek Iraq-Al Qaida Link, McClatchy Newspapers, April 21, 2009

Trymaine Lee. Jon Burge, ex-Chicago cop who ran torture ring, released from prison, MSNBC, Oct. 3, 2014

Jason Leopold and Jeffrey Kaye. CIA Psychologist’s Notes Reveal True Purpose Behind Bush’s Torture Program, Truthout, March 2011

Neil Lewis. Interrogators Cite Doctors’ Aid at Guantanamo Prison Camp, The New York Times, June 2005

Robert Jay Lifton, M.D. Doctors and Torture, New England Journal of Medicine, July 29, 2004 p. 415-416

Adam Liptak. A High-Tech War on Leaks, The New York Times, Feb. 11, 2011

Jonathan H. Marks. The Silence of the DoctorsThe Nation,  December 2005

Jane Mayer. The Dark Side: How the War on Terror Turned into a War on American Ideals, 2008
Jane Mayer. The Experiment, The New Yorker, 2005
Jane Mayer, Outsourcing Torture, The New Yorker, 2005

Mark Mazzetti. C.I.A. Destroyed 2 Tapes Showing Interrogations, The New York Times, Dec. 7, 2007

Alfred McCoy. Torture and Impunity: The U.S. Doctrine of Coercive Interrogation, 2012
Alfred McCoy.    A Question of Torture: CIA Interrogation, From the Cold War to the War on Terror, 2006;
Alfred McCoy. Cruel Science: CIA Torture & US Foreign Policy, New England Journal of Public Policy, 2005 Alfred McCoy. Hidden History of CIA Torture: America’s Road to Abu Ghraib, TomDispatch, 2004

Rashed Mian. Prosecution of the CIA Whistleblower Who Revealed Waterboarding to the World, Long Island Press, Dec. 27, 2014

Steven Miles, MD. Psychologists’ collusion with US torture limited our ability to decry it anywhere, July 11, 2015;

Dave Moniz and Tom Squitieri. Lawyers Raised Concerns on Interrogations, USA Today, June 9, 2004

Joshua Partlow & Julie Tate. 2 Afghans Allege Abuse at U.S. Site, The Washington Post, Nov. 28, 2009

Jon Perr. After Destroying Video Evidence, CIA’s Rodriguez Slams Senate Torture Report, Daily Kos, Dec. 6, 2014

Physicians for Human Rights. EXPERIMENTS IN TORTURE: Evidence of Human Subject Research and Experimentation in the “Enhanced” Interrogation Program, 2010
Physicians for Human Rrights. Aiding Torture: Health Professionals’ Ethics and Human Rights Violations Revealed in the May 2004 CIA Inspector General’s Report, 2009

Kenneth S. Pope. Are the American Psychological Association’s Detainee Interrogation Policies Ethical and Effective? Key Claims, Documents, and Results, Zeitschrift Fur Psychologie, 2011
Kenneth Pope and Thomas Gutheil. Psychologists Abandon the Nuremberg Ethic: Concerns for Detainee Interrogations, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, vol.32, May-June, 2009

Dana Priest and Barton Gelman. U.S. Decries Abuse but Defends Interrogations, The Washington Post, Dec. 26, 2002

Professional Services Council, White Paper, Federally Funded Research and Development Centers: A Strategic Reassessment for Budget-Constrained Times, June 5, 2012

Red Cross Finds Detainee Abuse in Guantanamo, The New York Times, Nov. 30, 2004

Steve Reisner. CIA on the Couch: Why There Would Have Been No Torture Without the Psychologists, SLATE, Dec. 2014

James Risen. Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War, Oct. 2014
James Risen and Matt Apuzzo. C.I.A., on Path to Torture, Chose Haste Over Analysis, NYT, Dec. 15, 2014
James Risen and Michael Schmidt. 2004 Showdown Shaped Reputation of Pick for F.B.I., The New York Times, June 21, 2013

Collin Ross. CIA Mind Control Doctors from Harvard to Guantanomo, 2013

Scott Shane. Report Portrays a Broken C.I.A. Devoted to a Failed Approach, New York Times Dec. 2014; Scott Shane and Mark Mazzeti. Report Shows Tight C.I.A. Control on Interrogations, NYT, Aug. 25, 2009;
Scott Shane. 2 U.S. Architects of Harsh Tactics in 9/11 Wake, NYT, Aug. 11, 2009;
Scott Shane & David Johnston. US Lawyers Agree on Legality of Brutal Tactic, NYT, June 6, 2009

Eric Schmitt and Mark Mazzetti. U.S. Relies More on Aid of Allies in Terror Cases, The New York Times, May 2009

Stephen Soldz. The “Black Jail”: Obama’s Afghan Torture Center and the American Psychological Association Counterpunch, May 2010

Ali Soufan. The Black Banner: The Inside Story of 9/11 and the War Against al-Qaeda, 2011
Ali Soufain. My Tortured Decision, OpEd. The New York Times, 2009

Peter Taylor. ‘Vomiting and screaming’ in destroyed waterboarding tapes, BBC News 9 May 2012

Gordon Thomas. Cheney, Rumsfeld Help Cover up CIA Scientist’s Murder, Globe Intel, 2002

United Nations. Istanbul Protocol: Manual on the Effective Investigation & Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 2004

UK Guardian Series by Spencer Ackerman:
US psychology body declines to rebuke member in Guantánamo torture case
, January 9, 2014;
CIA torture appears to have broken spy agency rule on human experimentation, June 15, 2015
US torture doctors could face charges after report alleges post-9/11 ‘collusion’ July 11, 2015;
Psychologist accused of enabling US torture backed by former FBI chief, July 12, 2015;  
Three senior officials lose their jobs at APA after US torture scandal, July 14, 2015

U.S. Department of Defense Inspector General Report: Investigation of Allegations of the Use of Mind-Altering Drugs to Facilitate Interrogations of Detainees, Sept. 2009

U.S. Department of Justice Inspector General Report: Review of FBI Involvement and Observations of Detainee Interrogations at Guantanamo, Afghanistan and Iraq, Dec. 30, 2009

U.S. Department of Justice Office of Legal Counsel (OLC) Memorandum for Alberto Gonzales, Counsel to the President. Standards of Conduct for Interrogation under 18 U.S.C.Sec 2340-2340A, August 1, 2002
U.S. DoJ OLC Memorandum for John Rizzo, Acting General Counsel of the CIA. Interrogation of al Qaeda Operative, Aug. 1, 2002
U.S. DoJ OLC Memorandum for William Haynes, General Counsel of the DoD. Military Interrogation of Alien Unlawful Combatants Held Outside the United States, 2003

U.S. DoJ Office of Professional Responsibility Report: Investigation into the Office of Legal Counsel’s Memoranda Concerning Issues Relating to the CIA’s Use of “Enhanced Interrogation Techniques” on Suspected Terrorists, July 29, 2009

U.S. Military Police Brigade. Article 15-6 Investigation. “Taguba Report” On Treatment of Abu Ghraib Prisoners in Iraq, from Nov. 1, 2003 to Feb. 2004

U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee Report. Treatment of Detainees in U.S. Custody (2004) Released 2009

U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Executive Summary of the Report of CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program, (2009) Released Dec. 2014

Unlawful Combatants Held Outside the U.S., March 14, 2003

Lauren Walker. Remember the Abu Ghraib Torture Pictures? There are More That Obama Doesn’t Want You to See, Newsweek, October 22, 2014

Judge Evan Wallach. “Drop by Drop: Forgetting the History of Water Torture in U.S. Courts,” Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, 2007

Joby Warrick. Detainees Allege Being Drugged, Questioned, The Washington Post, 2008
Joby Warrick and Peter Finn. Internal Rifts on Road to Torment, The Washington Post, July 19, 2009

Bryant Welch. Torture, Psychology, and Daniel Inouye: The True Story Behind Psychology’s Role in Torture, Huffington Post, July 17, 2009; Updated May 25, 2011

Luke Whelan. New Documents Show the US Called Waterboarding Torture During WWII, Mother Jones, Dec. 17, 2014