1950s: CIA retains consultant to help perfect interrogation

1950s: Dr. Henry K Beecher, chief anesthetist at Harvard’s Massachusetts General Hospital, an outspoken advocate of the Nuremberg Code; who authored a seminal article in the NEJM (1966), was a secret paid CIA consultant who participated in secret, CIA- and US Navy-sponsored experiments aimed at perfecting interrogation (i.e. torture) techniques and producing amnesia. (McCoy, 2007; Jacobsen, 2014) CIA Beecher — Mind Control