September 10

FDA Expands Market for Another Toxic Antipsychotic

According to a report by the Associated Press, the FDA has approved expanded use of Merck’s toxic antipsychotic drug, Saphris, for treating acute manic-depressive behavior in adults.

Antipsychotics (neuroleptics) are a controversial class of drugs: Risperdal (approved in 1993), Zyprexa (1994), Seroquel (1997), Abilify (2002), and Saphris (2009).

These drugs’ safety hazzards were documented over the years of their use. They include:
increased risks of stroke, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome,  diabetes, suicide, seizures, dizziness, fainting, decreased infection-fighting white blood cells, and neuroleptic malignant syndrome, a drug induced, toxic, potentially fatal  condition resulting in renal failure –are life-shortening.

These hazards far outweigh any clinical benefit–unless, somnolence, obesity, and impaired cognition are considered a "benefit."

ALL drugs in this class carry FDA’s strongest warning label highlighted in a Black Box.

Despite the acknowledged risks, and despite the availability of numerous drugs in this class, FDA approved Saphris for marketing in Aug. 2009.

FDA officials appear to be rubber-stamping approval of UNSAFE TOXIC drugs that increase risk of death and debilitating, irreversible adverse effects.

Has FDA’s mission undergone a radical shift from protecting the American public by ensuring that only SAFE and EFFECTIVE drugs are approved for marketing, to facilitating corporate profits and agency income from user fees?

Vera Hassner Sharav

Merck schizophrenia drug approved for 2 new uses
The Associated Press
Tuesday, September 7, 2010

TRENTON, N.J. — Merck & Co. said Tuesday its schizophrenia drug Saphris has been approved for two additional uses by the Food and Drug Administration.

The drug was first approved in August 2009 for treating acute schizophrenia episodes in adults and acute mania or manic-depressive behavior in adults with bipolar disorder.

Merck says the FDA now has approved Saphris for ongoing treatment of schizophrenia and for treating acute mania or manic-depressive behavior in adult bipolar patients along with lithium, a mood-stabilizing drug often used to treat mania, or the antiseizure drug valproate.

Saphris carries the FDA’s strongest caution, a black box warning, that it nearly doubles risk of death in elderly patients with dementia.

Like similar drugs, it has many other serious potential risks, including strokes, heart problems, high blood sugar and diabetes, suicide, seizures, fainting, a drop in infection-fighting white blood cells, sedation and impaired thinking, and neuroleptic malignant syndrome, a life-threatening neurological disorder.

Merck has not yet reported sales figures for Saphris, also known as asenapine. That indicates the drug’s quarterly sales have not yet topped Merck’s threshold for reporting individual product sales, $200 million a year or $50 million in a quarter.

Saphris, just launched in the fourth quarter, has lots of tough competition in the lucrative market for antipsychotic medicines, which are approved for treating schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Rival drugs include Johnson & Johnson’s Risperdal, Eli Lilly & Co.’s Zyprexa, AstraZeneca PLC’s Seroquel, Pfizer Inc.’s Geodon and Bristol-Myers Squibb Co.’s Abilify.

The drugs are widely prescribed for unapproved uses, including other psychiatric conditions and insomnia, significantly boosting their sales.

Last year, antipsychotic drugs brought in $23.25 billion in worldwide sales, according to drug data firm IMS Health.

Saphris was developed by Schering-Plough Corp., which Merck bought last November.

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