December 28

References for Part 4. U.S. WWII and Cold War Era Experiments

Part 4. U.S. WWII and Cold War Era Experiments 

Abstract Discussion [after Algernon B. Reese, M.D] Re: Persistence and Hyperplasia of Primary Vitreous: Retrolental Fibroplasia in Archives of Ophthalmology, Vol 41, May 1949

Manny Bekier. Ethical Considerations of Medical Experimentation on Human Subjects, 2010.

John Breeding. Electroshocking Children, 2014.

Alan Cantwell, MD. Gay Vaccine Experiments and the American (Not African) Origin of Aids, 2011; The Virus Cancer Program, 2005

Nathaniel Comfort. The Prisoner as Model Organism… 2009;
             Ethics Protocols and Research Ethics Committees, 2010

Tom Curtis. The Lancet, 2004)

DB Dill and WH Forbes. Respiratory And Metabolic Effects Of Hypothermia, American Journal of Physiology, 1941, pp 685-697

Jim Dyer, Ethics and Orphans: The “Monster Study”, San Jones Mercury News, 2001 *<link>

Goldman & Murray, “Studies on the use of Refrigeration Therapy in Mental Disease” J of Nervous & Mental Diseases, Feb. 1943.

Andrew Goliszek. In the Name of Science: A History of Secret Programs, Medical Research, and Human Experimentation, 2003

Rebecca Gordon. Mainstreaming Torture: Ethical Approaches in the Post-9/11 United States, 2014

Michael Grodin and Leonard Glantz. Children As Research Subjects: Science, Ethics, and Law, 1994

Mounica Gummadi.  Exploring the Holmesburg Prison Experiments, PREZI, 3 April 2013

Allen Hornblum. Achres of Skin, 1998;
Allen Hornblum.    They were cheap and available: prisoners as research subjects in twentieth century America, BMJ, 1997;
Allen Hornblum.  NYC’s Forgotten Cancer Scandal, The NY Post, Dec. 28, 2013

Jame Jones. Bad Blood, 1993

Jay Joseph, Euthanasia Debate…History of Psychiatry, 2005

Amy Landa. When Medicine and Ethics Meet in the Public Sphere: The Role of Journalism in the History of Bioethics, 2009

Susan Lederer. The Cold War And Beyond: Covert And Deceptive American Medical Experimentation in Military Medical Ethics, Vol. 2, 2003, pp. 507-531

Joshua Pepper and Stephen Cina. When Doctors KPill: Who, Why, and How, American J of Psychiatry, July 1942;

Susan Reverby, Examining Tuskegee, 2009

AE Samaan. From a Race of Masters to a Master Race: 1948 to 1848, 2014.

Keith Schneider. 1950 Note Warns About Radiation Test, The NY Times, December 28, 1993

William Silverman. The Consequences of Oxygen Restriction, Retrolental Fibroplasia: A Modern Parable, Chapter 8, 1980, pp. 54-65)
William Silverman. Oxygen Dogma Challenged” in the Archives of Disease in Childhood, 1982
William Silverman, and colleagues, Algernon Reese, Incidence of Retrolental Fibroplasia in a New York Nursery, Archives of Ophthalmology, 1952

John Talbott. A Physiologic and Therapeutic Effects of Hypothermia, was accepted by the NEJM,1941, but never published;
Talbott, Consolazio, Pecora.Hypothermia: Report of a Case in Which the Patient Died during Therapeutic Reduction of Body Temperature, Archives of Internal Medicine, 1941, p.1120-1132.

Mark Thompson. Veterans Say ’40s Mustard Gas Tests Left Deep Scars, Feelings Of Betrayal Philadelphia Inquirer, April 16, 1992

Women Exposed to DES in the womb Face Increased Cancer Risk, NIH News, 2011

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