Germany’s Ministry of the Interior issued “Guidelines for Human Experimentation”
- Unambiguous informed consent is mandatory;
- particular care must be taken when the subject is a child under 18;
- exploitation of patients who poor, or socially disadvantaged is prohibited;
- disclosure requirements — the purpose, justification, and the manner in which research will be carried out;
- a statement that the subject has been provided with relevant information, then gave his consent;
- risks and anticipated benefits must be proportionate;
- experimental therapies must first be tested in animals;
- human experiments should be avoided if obtainable by other means (i.e, laboratory tests and animal studies);
- This law remained in effect throughout the Nazi regime — but was violated in its entirety.
(The Nuremberg Code — A critique, 2011; ACHRE Report Ch. 2)
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